Genetics plays a crucial role in pig farming, as it influences the growth rate, feed efficiency, and overall health of pigs. Pigs with superior genetics can produce higher-quality meat, have better resistance to diseases, and be more productive in terms of litter size and weight gain.
Selective breeding is the primary method used to improve genetics in pig farming. This process involves choosing pigs with desirable traits, such as fast growth, good feed conversion, and strong immune systems, and breeding them together to create offspring with those same desirable traits. By selectively breeding for these traits over many generations, farmers can create pig lines that are specifically adapted to their particular farming conditions.